Don’t we all want to stay, and look young?
Your face shows the first signs of ageing, people are in most cases being judged by their facial skin on how old they are.
Fine lines appear, and the skin becomes dry and loses elasticity as the years go by. Later deep wrinkles form and the skin starts to sag.
Ageing is a fact of life, all of us are victims of ageing. You can slow down the signs of ageing if you understand the main causes of skin damage. You have the power to address most of these factors.
First, we will look at the main causes of skin damage.
Your skin may age from different factors, some due to intrinsic factors and others due to extrinsic factors, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices.
Intrinsic factors of skin ageing are genetics which you can’t do much about, then also hormonal changes, disease, and illness. Lifestyle factors damaging your skin from the inside are smoking, alcohol abuse, medication, and poor diet.
Extrinsic factors are exposure to natural and artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation, mechanical stress, and environmental factors.
Visible signs of ageing include but are not limited to, hollowed cheeks, flattened cheekbones, marionette lines, nasolabial folds, under-the-eye hollows, down sloping mouth corners, sagging skin in the cheek area and in the jawline, deflated temples or drooping skin, fine and coarse wrinkles, dryness, roughness, and mottled hyperpigmentation.
UV radiation is the primary extrinsic cause of skin damage. UV radiation from the sun and other natural and artificial sources degrade collagen which is one of the main causes of skin damage.
When your skin is exposed to UVB radiation from the Sun it induces keratinocytes to synthesise MMP-1 (collagen-digesting enzymes) which then degrades type I and III collagens, MMP-3 degrades type IV collagen of the basement membrane and MMP-9 (gelatinase) further degrades the collagen fragments generated by MMP-1.
Photoaging refers to premature skin ageing caused by chronic exposure to UV radiation from the sun, especially the UVB component.
You can adopt positive habits to help prevent photoaging and avoid the causes of skin damage
UVB rays from the Sun pose a much greater risk of skin cancer than UVA rays, but UVA causes premature ageing, including deep wrinkles, fine lines, dryness, and loss of elasticity. UVA will also increase the damaging effect of UVB on collagen and DNA.
The body’s first defence against the harmful UV rays from the sun is to produce melanin. Melanin absorbs harmful UV rays to reduce serious damage to the skin. Sunburn is a sign of excessive exposure to UV rays beyond the protection of melanin produced in the skin. Not all people have the same level of protection from melanin produced in the skin.
It is healthy to enjoy small amounts of moderate sun exposure but too much will damage your skin and cause dangerous effects. You should always take proper preventative measures to reduce the harmful effects of the sun.
Recent studies have shown that the supplementation with a high concentration of collagen tripeptide (CTP for short), has a positive and protective effect on the skin. Collagen Tripeptide (CTP), also referred to as the essential amino acid sequence, help protects the skin by reducing the production of MMPs (collagen-digesting enzymes) produced from sun-exposed keratinocytes.
Collagen Tripeptide (CTP) is a safe non-invasive way to protect your skin from the inside.
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